Press Releases

Committee Announces Paper Hearing on Big Data and the Coronavirus

April 2, 2020

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, today announced a paper hearing titled, “Enlisting Big Data in the Fight Against Coronavirus,” on Thursday, April 9, 2020, beginning at 10:00 a.m. The committee and witnesses will submit written statements, questions, and answers to examine recent uses of aggregate and anonymized consumer data to identify potential hotspots of coronavirus transmission and to help accelerate the development of treatments. The committee will also examine how consumers’ privacy rights are being protected and what the U.S. government plans to do with COVID-related data collected at the end of this national emergency.

 Witnesses:

  • Mr. Dave Grimaldi, Executive Vice President for Public Policy, Interactive Advertising Bureau
  • Ms. Michelle Richardson, Director, Privacy and Data Project

*Witness list subject to change

Paper Hearing Details:

Thursday, April 9, 2020
10: 00 a.m.
Full Committee Paper Hearing

The committee has developed a “paper hearings” process to continue investigative and oversight responsibilities while adhering to public health guidelines during the coronavirus pandemic. 

At the start of the paper hearing, the committee will post the chairman’s and ranking member’s opening statements and witness testimony. Member questions will be sent to witnesses by close of business on the day of the paper hearing. Witnesses will have a 96-business-hour turnaround time to answer member questions. The questions and witness responses will be posted on the committee’s website once received. The committee will provide an official transcript for the record. All paper hearing documents will be available online on the hearing page at www.commerce.senate.gov.

 

Bill to Improve Broadband Data Maps Signed Into Law

March 23, 2020

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, today released the following statement after President Donald Trump signed S.1822, the Broadband Deployment Accuracy and Technological Availability (DATA) Act, into law. The legislation will improve the accuracy of the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) broadband availability maps by strengthening the process by which broadband data is collected.  

“Americans living in rural communities often lack access to broadband,” Wicker said. “To close the digital divide, we need accurate maps to show where there is broadband service and at what speeds it is being offered. This legislation requires the FCC to update its flawed maps to help deploy service to the estimated 20 million Americans without access to broadband. I thank the President for signing this bill into law.”

The Broadband Deployment Accuracy and Technological Availability (DATA) Act will:

  • Require the FCC to collect granular service availability data from wired, fixed wireless, and satellite broadband providers.
  • Set strong parameters for service availability data collected from mobile broadband providers to ensure accuracy.
  • Permit the FCC to consider whether to collect verified coverage data from state, local, and tribal governments, as well as from other entities.
  • Create a process for consumers; state, local, and tribal governments; and other groups to challenge FCC maps with their own data, and require the FCC to determine how to structure that process without making it overly burdensome on challengers.
  • Establish a crowdsourcing process that will allow the public to participate in data collection.
  • Strengthen enforcement against providers that knowingly or recklessly submit materially inaccurate broadband data.
  • Require the FCC to use the newly-created maps when making new awards of broadband funding.

For the full bill text, click here.

 The Commerce Committee exercises jurisdiction over the FCC.

Wicker Speaks on Coronavirus Recovery Package

Legislation would provide liquidity assistance for hard-hit workers and businesses

March 20, 2020

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, today spoke on the Senate floor in support of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act of 2020, which is part of the broader Senate economic response package. The legislation would allow the Treasury Secretary to provide up to $208 billion in collateralized loans and loan guarantees to American industries whose operations are jeopardized as a direct result of the coronavirus outbreak.

Click here to watch Chairman Wicker’s floor speech.

Excerpt from Chairman Wicker’s remarks, as delivered, below:

. . .

In some instances when there is a crisis, we are told to “carry on,” and in this case that really is not what the healthcare professionals have told Americans to do. Americans have been told and people around the world have been told to stay home, don’t congregate – well, that is the way our economy operates. So, Americans are doing what they have been asked to do.

We are not flying. We are not staying in hotels. Occupancy is down to single digits. Restaurants are closed. Stores are closed. Americans are keeping their children home from school – schools are not open in most areas. Again, the American people are acting responsibly according to what they have been told to do by health professionals.

The public is taking guidance, and this is having an enormous toll on our economy. We hope the virus will end soon, but we need a rescue package.

Wicker, Shelby, Thune Unveil Liquidity Assistance For Distressed American Industries Within Comprehensive Coronavirus Package

March 19, 2020

WICKER, SHELBY, THUNE UNVEIL LIQUIDITY ASSISTANCE FOR DISTRESSED AMERICAN INDUSTRIES WITHIN COMPREHENSIVE CORONAVIRUS PACKAGE 

WASHINGTON – Sens. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, Richard Shelby, R-Ala., chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee, and John Thune, R-S.D., Senate Majority Whip, today released the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act of 2020 as part of the broader Senate economic response package. The legislation allows the Treasury Secretary to provide up to $208 billion in collateralized loans and loan guarantees to American industries whose operations are jeopardized as a direct result of the coronavirus outbreak. Of the $208 billion, $58 billion is allocated to facilitate liquidity in the airline sector, and an additional $150 billion is provided for the same purposes in other distressed sectors of the American economy. The legislation does not provide grants to or bailouts for the airlines or other industries.

“The global coronavirus pandemic requires strong and decisive action from the federal government,” Chairman Wicker said. “During this time of unprecedented economic uncertainty, it is critical that air carriers and other impacted industries have the resources they need to continue operations. This recovery package would support the hard-hit workers and businesses who bear no responsibility for this crisis.”

“American businesses didn’t cause this crisis, and aggressive action is warranted to ensure they have the liquidity necessary to weather its direct impacts. But let’s be crystal clear about what we are and are not doing here. We are not bailing out the airlines or other industries – period. Instead, we are allowing the Treasury Secretary to make or guarantee collateralized loans to industries whose operations the coronavirus outbreak has jeopardized. In my judgment, this approach strikes an appropriate balance between providing assistance and protecting taxpayers,” stated Chairman Shelby.  

“These are extraordinary times that require swift and bold action from the federal government,” said Majority Whip Thune. “The legislative proposals we’re announcing today, while not a silver bullet, rise to the occasion. They provide critical tools to industries throughout the country that help support the entire U.S. economy and have been pummeled by the ongoing coronavirus outbreak, at no fault of their own. I look forward to supporting these and other measures that will continue to support American families and small businesses, strengthen our economy, and give our nation’s health care community the tools it needs in this fight.” 

Summary of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act of 2020  

  • The legislation provides a total of $208 billion to the Secretary of the Treasury, through the Exchange Stabilization Fund, to provide sufficiently collateralized loans and loan guarantees to eligible entities, broken out in the following amounts:
    • Up to $50 billion for passenger air carriers;
    • Up to $8 billion for cargo air carriers; and
    • Up to $150 billion for other eligible entities.
  • The Treasury Secretary is afforded flexibility to provide collateralized loans and loan guarantees to domestic businesses that have incurred losses as a direct result of the coronavirus global pandemic so they can maintain operations. 
  • Entities eligible for loans or loan guarantees are those for whom credit is not otherwise reasonably available at the time of the transaction. 
  • An entity is only eligible for relief if the Treasury Secretary determines its continued operations are jeopardized as a result of losses stemming directly from the coronavirus outbreak.  
  • Interest rates on any loans extended by the Treasury Secretary may be no less than the current average yield on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States of comparable maturity.
  • The legislation explicitly bars the Treasury Secretary from using the funds provided to make grants or direct cash payments to entities: “Nothing in this Act shall be construed to allow the President or [Treasury] Secretary to provide relief to eligible entities except in the form of sufficiently collateralized loans and loan guarantees.”
  • The legislation also mandates that entities receiving assistance under the Act do not increase compensation for, or provide golden parachutes to, executives over a two-year period from the date of enactment.
  • The legislation directs the Secretary of the Treasury, to the extent feasible and practicable, to ensure that the Government is compensated for the risk assumed in making loans and loan guarantees.  To that end, “the [Treasury] Secretary is authorized to enter into contracts under which the Government, contingent on the financial success of the eligible entity, would participate in the gains of the eligible entity or its security holders through the use of such instruments as warrants, stock options, common or preferred stock, or other appropriate equity instruments.”

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act

President Signs Rip and Replace Bill Into Law

March 12, 2020

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, today released the following statement after President Trump signed H.R. 4998, the Secure and Trusted Communications Networks Act of 2019. This measure will protect American communications networks from threats presented by foreign suppliers, such as Huawei and ZTE.

“This legislation lays the foundation to help U.S. firms strip out vulnerable equipment and replace it with secure alternatives,” said Wicker. “Today marks an important victory for our economy and national security. I thank my colleagues for their support in getting this bill over the finish line, and I thank the President for quickly signing it into law.”

The Secure and Trusted Communications Networks Act of 2019 will:

  • Prohibit the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) from subsidizing the acquisition or maintenance of telecommunications equipment or services from untrusted suppliers.
  • Create a program to reimburse telecommunications providers with fewer than two million customers. These providers will remove equipment from their networks that poses a national security risk to replace it with equipment from trusted suppliers.
  • Establish an information sharing program for telecommunications providers, particularly small and rural operators, to obtain information regarding potential security risks and vulnerabilities to their networks.

Click here to read the bill. 

The Secure and Trusted Communications Networks Act of 2019 is companion legislation to the United States 5G Leadership Act of 2019, S. 1625, introduced by Chairman Wicker along with Sens. Tom Cotton, R-Ark., Mark Warner, D-Va., Ed Markey, D-Mass., and Dan Sullivan, R-Alaska. The bill was reported out of the Commerce Committee in July 2019 and passed the Senate in February.

The committee exercises jurisdiction over the FCC.

Committee Approves Industries of the Future Act, Five Other Bills

March 11, 2020

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, today released the following statement after the committee approved six bills and Coast Guard promotions, which are now all subject to approval by the full Senate.

“I am pleased that the committee approved several promotions and important bills today, including the Industries of the Future Act,” Wicker said. “Advances in science and technology have a strong influence over the economy, national security, and our quality of life. This legislation would put in place a plan to bolster emerging technologies by spurring investments in research, development, and innovation. I thank Senator Gardner, Senator Baldwin, and Senator Peters for their efforts on this bill and their dedication to promoting American leadership in science and technology.”

Bills and nominations considered are as follows (approved by voice vote unless otherwise noted):

1. S. 1046, Advancing Critical Connectivity Expands Service, Small Business Resources, Opportunities, Access, and Data Based on Assessed Need and Demand (ACCESS BROADBAND) Act, Sponsors: Sens. Catherine Cortez Masto, D-Nev., Cory Gardner, R-Colo., Ron Johnson, R-Wis., Tammy Baldwin, D-Wis., Marsha Blackburn, R-Tenn., Kyrsten Sinema, D-Ariz., Jacky Rosen, D-Nev., Gary Peters, D-Mich.
Gardner Substitute
2. S. 3132, To extend the Undertaking Spam, Spyware, And Fraud Enforcement With Enforcers beyond Borders (US SAFEWEB) Act of 2006, Sponsors: Sens. Jerry Moran, R-Kan., Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn.  
3. S. 3191, Industries of the Future Act of 2020, Sponsors: Sens. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., Cory Gardner, R-Colo., Tammy Baldwin, D-Wis., Gary Peters, D-Mich.
Scott 1
4. S. 3248, United States Anti-Doping Agency Reauthorization Act, Sponsors: Sens. Jerry Moran, R-Kan., Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn.
Lee 2
Lee 3
Udall 1 (modified)
5. S. 3303, Promoting Service in Transportation Act, Sponsors: Sens. Gary Peters, D-Mich., Dan Sullivan, R-Alaska, Jacky Rosen, D-Nev., Cory Gardner, R-Colo.
Peters Substitute
Lee 1
Lee 2 (modified)
6. H.R. 835, The Rodchenkov Anti-Doping Act, Sponsor: Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee, D-Texas
7. Coast Guard Promotions

Committee Members Urge FCC to Distribute Funding Based on Accurate Data

5G Fund will support investment in next-generation mobile wireless services for rural areas

March 10, 2020

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sens. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and John Thune, R-S.D., chairman of the subcommittee on Communications, Technology, Innovation, and the Internet, along with Roy Blunt, R-Mo., Jerry Moran, R-Kan., Ron Johnson, R-Wis., Deb Fischer, R-Neb., Todd Young, R-Ind., and Marsha Blackburn, R-Tenn., this week sent a letter to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Chairman Ajit Pai urging the commission to distribute the $9 billion 5G Fund based on accurate data to ensure support is appropriately awarded based on reliable coverage maps.

Excerpt from the letter to Chairman Pai:

Given the importance of deploying 5G quickly, it is imperative that the Commission take this opportunity to distribute funding based on accurate data. Although the 5G Fund will support investment in next-generation mobile wireless services for rural areas, unless appropriately targeted the Fund risks deepening the digital divide, leaving those without unsubsidized wireless services today further behind in the years to come.

As you know, in 2018, a bipartisan group of Senators wrote to you with serious concerns about the reliability of the coverage maps that the FCC intended to use to determine eligible areas in the Mobility Fund Phase II (MF II). At the time, the maps that the Commission released appeared to misrepresent the existence of unsubsidized 4G LTE coverage and overstate the areas that were covered by existing mobile service. Given these challenges, we support your decision not to move forward with MF II using maps that could misallocate funding and welcome the move to the new 5G Fund.

Although this program appears to focus on forward looking technologies that preserve and expand service in areas that otherwise may not be economical to serve, our concerns remain with regards to reliable underlying coverage data that is used to determine funding eligibility. In your announcement of this new fund, you also addressed the continued need for more precise information about the true state of wireless coverage in rural America. Given these remaining challenges, we urge the Commission to focus on ensuring that accurate data is available—including updates to the collection of coverage data as outlined in our bipartisan, bicameral Broadband Deployment Accuracy and Technological Availability Act—so that support can be appropriately awarded based on reliable coverage maps. It is imperative that we get this right so that all Americans are able to realize the enormous promise of 5G networks.

The 5G Fund would replace the planned Mobility Fund Phase II (MF-II) reverse auction, which would have provided support for mobile broadband service in underserved areas. Senator Wicker has raised concerns about that program, noting that inaccurate broadband maps could have misallocated funding instead of targeting the rural areas most in need of broadband.  

Read the full letter to Chairman Pai here. The Commerce Committee exercises jurisdiction over the FCC.

Bill to Improve Broadband Data Maps Clears Senate, Advances to President’s Desk

March 10, 2020

WASHINGTON – U.S. Senator Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, together with Sens. Gary Peters, D-Mich., John Thune, R-S.D., and Amy Klobuchar, D-Minn., today released the following statements upon the unanimous Senate passage of S.1822, the Broadband Deployment Accuracy and Technological Availability (DATA) Act, which will now move to the President’s desk. The legislation will improve the accuracy of the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) broadband availability maps by strengthening the process by which broadband data is collected.

“Flawed broadband maps are a huge problem for rural and underserved communities, including many in Mississippi,” said Wicker. “Accurate maps will pave the way for more Americans to access high-speed broadband and the economic opportunities that come with it. I expect the FCC and other federal agencies to use these new maps when awarding funding in future broadband programs. I thank my colleagues for their efforts to help close the digital divide, and I am glad this bill will now become law.”


“From providing students the resources they need to succeed to helping small businesses connect with their customers, access to high-speed broadband is critical to families and communities across Michigan,” said Peters. “I am pleased that this bipartisan bill will soon be law and allow us to more accurately track broadband availability and help close the digital divide in rural and urban communities across Michigan.”

“In today’s ever-changing technological world, it’s more important than ever that folks in rural areas have access to high-speed broadband,” said Thune. “This bipartisan legislation would help deliver those broadband services to South Dakotans who need it most.”

“Broadband is key to keeping rural America competitive in the 21st century and beyond,” said Klobuchar. “Now that the Broadband DATA Act has passed the House and Senate and is headed to the President’s desk, we are one step closer to closing the digital divide.  This bill will improve the broadband data collection process to create more accurate maps so that we can bring high-speed internet to every family, regardless of their zip code.”

The Broadband Deployment Accuracy and Technological Availability (DATA) Act will:

  • Require the FCC to collect granular service availability data from wired, fixed wireless, and satellite broadband providers.
  • Set strong parameters for service availability data collected from mobile broadband providers to ensure accuracy.
  • Permit the FCC to consider whether to collect verified coverage data from state, local, and tribal governments, as well as from other entities.
  • Create a process for consumers; state, local, and tribal governments; and other groups to challenge FCC maps with their own data, and require the FCC to determine how to structure that process without making it overly burdensome on challengers.
  • Establish a crowdsourcing process that allows the public to participate in data collection.
  • Strengthen enforcement against providers that knowingly or recklessly submit materially inaccurate broadband data.
  • Require the FCC to use the newly-created maps when making new awards of broadband funding.

For the full bill text, click here.

The Commerce Committee exercises jurisdiction over the FCC.

Wicker Statement on First Anniversary of Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 Crash

March 10, 2020

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, today released the following statement on the first anniversary of the Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 crash:

“On the first anniversary of the tragic plane crash in Ethiopia, our sympathies remain with the families of the 157 individuals who lost their lives,” said Wicker. “Every day, thousands of passengers rely on the aviation system for their travel needs, and we will always prioritize their safety. The committee remains actively engaged with the Federal Aviation Administration and the National Transportation Safety Board to prevent future tragedies. We cannot become complacent in this responsibility.”

Committee Announces Markup on March 11

March 4, 2020

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, will convene an executive session on Wednesday, March 11, 2020 at 10:00 a.m. in Russell Senate Office Building 253 to consider the following legislative measures and Coast Guard promotions: 

Agenda: 

  1. S. 1046, Advancing Critical Connectivity Expands Service, Small Business Resources, Opportunities, Access, and Data Based on Assessed Need and Demand (ACCESS BROADBAND) Act, Sponsors: Sens. Catherine Cortez Masto, D-Nev., Cory Gardner, R-Colo., Ron Johnson, R-Wis., Tammy Baldwin, D-Wis., Marsha Blackburn, R-Tenn., Kyrsten Sinema, D-Ariz., Jacky Rosen, D-Nev., Gary Peters, D-Mich.
  2. S. 3132, To extend the Undertaking Spam, Spyware, And Fraud Enforcement With Enforcers beyond Borders (US SAFEWEB) Act of 2006, Sponsors: Sens. Jerry Moran, R-Kan., Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn.  
  3. S. 3191, Industries of the Future Act, Sponsors: Sens. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., Cory Gardner, R-Colo., Tammy Baldwin, D-Wis., Gary Peters, D-Mich.
  4. S. 3248, United States Anti-Doping Agency Reauthorization Act, Sponsors: Sens. Jerry Moran, R-Kan., Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn.
  5. S. 3303, Promoting Service in Transportation Act, Sponsors: Sens. Gary Peters, D-Mich., Dan Sullivan, R-Alaska, Jacky Rosen, D-Nev., Cory Gardner, R-Colo.
  6. H.R. 835, The Rodchenkov Anti-Doping Act, Sponsor: Rep. Shelia Jackson Lee, D-Texas
  7. Coast Guard Promotions

*Agenda subject to change 

Executive Session Details:

March 11, 2020
10:00 a.m.
Full Committee 
Russell Senate Office Building 253

A live video of the markup and additional information will be available at www.commerce.senate.gov.

Speeches

Wicker Speaks on Upcoming STELAR Deadline

November 19, 2019

Click here to watch Chairman Wicker’s floor speech.

Excerpt from Chairman Wicker’s remarks, as delivered, below:

Madam President, I rise today because there is a legislative deadline in front of this body that we dare not miss. Even as I speak, our colleagues in the House Energy and Commerce Committee are considering the Satellite Television Extension and Localism Act Reauthorization – or STELAR.

For 30 years, STELAR and previous versions of the law have allowed people who live beyond the reach of a broadcast signal to receive broadcast programming nonetheless.

Some Senators believe that in 2019 STELAR has outlived its usefulness and want it to expire. But other Senators want to extend some of these provisions – at least in the short term – to prevent consumers from losing these broadcast signals. Still others want to use the STELAR reauthorization legislation as a vehicle to implement other reforms.

I have introduced new legislation, the Satellite Television Access Reauthorization – or STAR – to move this process forward. The existing STELAR statute expires December 31st. 

So absent congressional action before the end of the year, the provisions included in STELAR that enable nearly 870,000 Americans to access broadcast TV signals will no longer be the law of the land.

These Americans, who depend on STELAR, are mostly in rural parts of this country, like my home state of Mississippi. They include truckers, tailgaters, and RV drivers. And they include Americans living in very remote areas.

I say to my colleagues, now is the time for Senators to make their positions clear. Over the course of this year, I have been polling Members to ascertain what this body wants. As Chairman of the Senate Commerce Committee, I will act according to the majority wishes. But time is running short.

Many people point to the fact that the media landscape is changing. There are more options for video content than ever before. New programming is coming out every day that is being streamed through new services. Those are all great things. As I said at a June Commerce Committee hearing, we are living in the Golden Age of television.

The Commerce Committee has been working to close the digital divide between rural and urban America to make sure all families can access those choices and all families can be part of the Golden Age. But, there are still Americans without internet access and without broadcast signals. They deserve the ability to view basic television services, just like everyone else.

Without the reauthorization of STELAR, many Americans would not be able to watch broadcast news or enjoy access to programming that is available for the rest of the country. They will be on the wrong side of the digital divide, and there would be a widening cultural divide as they would be cut off from the flow of programs and information.

If members of this body are of a mind to move forward with some extension of this statute, we will work with our colleagues in the House. That may include improvements and enhancements to STELAR that address good faith requirements, level the playing field in the marketplace, promote access to programming, and ensure robust competition. But we don’t have much time.

After this week, senators will go home for Thanksgiving. Many of those across the country who benefit from STELAR in our states will watch football games and the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade thanks to the STELAR law. They will enjoy time with their families, and I look forward to doing the same.

But when Congress returns, there will be just two weeks – ten legislative days – to finalize any legislation and send it to the President for a signature.

Madam President, in this body taking no action is easy, it comes naturally. But in this case no action equals the repeal of the STELAR law in its entirety and members should know that. 

We have ten days to ensure 870,000 Americans will be able to watch the same programs next year that they are seeing this year. Or we can let STELAR expire and take the risk of letting the chips fall where they may.

Wicker Commemorates 50th Anniversary of Apollo 11

July 17, 2019

Click here to watch Sen. Wicker’s floor speech.

Excerpt from Chairman Wicker’s remarks, as delivered, below:

Michael Collins wrote during that lonely flight, while his two colleagues were walking on the face of the Moon, “I am absolutely isolated from any known life. I am it. If a count were taken, the score would be three billion plus two over the other side of the Moon, and one plus God knows what on this side…”

These three men were separated from the rest of humanity, but they certainly were not alone. Hundreds of millions of people watched and prayed and gave them their best wishes. It is hard to believe – I still have to pinch myself – to think that I was a freshman in college for this Moon walk and that was 50 years ago; how could 50 years pass by so quickly?

You know, Mr. President, men and women have always looked up at the night sky and seen their heroes in the constellations. Now we still look up at the sky and we see our heroes, but among them are astronauts who go to the stars and return, and will go to the Moon and to Mars and return. I want to salute the people who have done it before and the people who are making plans to put a man and woman on the face of the Moon within five years.

And so as we celebrate the 50th anniversary, we look toward the future – to all the missions that will come and go. And we remind ourselves of this country’s common purpose and potential. The Moon landing was not the end of an age of discovery, it was only the beginning.

 

Wicker Convenes First Committee Meeting of the 116th Congress

January 16, 2019

Excerpt from Chairman Wicker’s opening statement, as delivered, below:

....

The bar has indeed been set high.  This committee accomplished a great deal last congress, and I look forward to similar successes this congress.  

In particular, I see this committee focusing on a number of primary objectives across the committee’s broad jurisdiction.

Broadband connectivity is the digital engine driving investment, innovation, and productivity in virtually every economic sector in the United States. 

Although we have made significant progress on wireline, wireless, and satellite broadband deployments over the years, more needs to be done to close the digital divide, particularly in rural America.  

This process should start with collecting standardized and accurate data about where reliable fixed and mobile broadband already exists and where it does not – both in my state of Mississippi and around the country.  

Data is critical to delivering broadband to rural communities that lack service.

We will also continue the committee’s efforts to maintain U.S. leadership in 5G, the next-generation of broadband services. 

To that end, modernizing outdated rules that delay and add unnecessary costs to broadband infrastructure deployment and making more spectrum available for commercial use will be critical to our nation’s success in developing a reliable, resilient, and secure 5G network.

Robust and reliable broadband connections underpin the internet marketplace where innovative applications and services are taking on more significant and vital roles in our lives.

Maintaining consumer trust and confidence in this marketplace is critical to preserving a prosperous and thriving digital economy in the United States. 

A priority of this committee will be to protect the privacy of consumers’ data in a way that promotes industry transparency, consumer choice, and innovation.

We will continue our efforts to keep the skies safe and foster American leadership in outer space.  These efforts will include oversight of the Federal Aviation Administration and the safe integration of unmanned aerial systems into the national airspace.  They will also, I hope, include a commercial space bill and a National Aeronautics and Space Administration reauthorization. 

With creation of a new security subcommittee, we will be able to focus on supporting the organizations — such as the Coast Guard, Maritime Administration, and Transportation Security Administration — whose efforts strengthen the nation’s economic prosperity and security. 

I hope these efforts will include Coast Guard and Maritime Administration reauthorizations, support for the American maritime industry, and a focus on the national security dimensions of agencies and issues under the committee’s jurisdiction.   

I look forward to the committee continuing its work on improving the nation’s infrastructure and safety. Work this congress will likely include a pipeline safety reauthorization as well as the reauthorization of the FAST Act.  

We will also focus on motor carrier safety, multimodal freight, as well as our nation’s rail and Amtrak and look forward to working with the administration on shoring up the highway trust fund, as well as meeting the nation’s ever-increasing infrastructure needs.  

This is by no means a complete list, although it has been a lengthy one — there are many other high priorities the committee will consider.

I look forward to working with my colleagues on both sides of the aisle on a range of issues important to their states and to all Americans. 

I thank my colleagues again for giving me the opportunity to lead this great committee.

Thune Remarks on Sen. Nelson’s Time in the U.S. Senate

“Bill’s work in the Senate and the Commerce Committee has left a legacy.”

December 12, 2018

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. John Thune (R-S.D.), chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, today spoke on the Senate floor about Sen. Bill Nelson (D-Fla.), ranking member of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.  

Excerpt of Thune’s remarks (as prepared for delivery):

“I have been honored to have Bill Nelson as a colleague from my first day in the Senate and for the last four years as a partner in an especially successful working relationship at the Commerce Committee.

Over this time, we fostered a can-do spirit with committee colleagues that drove nearly one hundred committee legislative accomplishments.

Together, we worked on policy for our nation’s future in technology, aviation, ocean management, surface transportation, scientific research, space, and many other areas.

Senator Nelson exhibited an especially extraordinary passion for prioritizing safety, the future of manned spaceflight, and an unshakable belief that powerful companies should be held to account when consumers aren’t treated fairly.”

 

Thune Speaks on the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018

“I’m proud of the bill before us today and grateful for the hard work done by members of both parties in both the House and the Senate.”

October 2, 2018

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. John Thune (R-S.D.), chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, today spoke on the Senate floor about the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018.  

Excerpt of Thune’s remarks (as prepared for delivery):

“Mr. President, every few years, Congress has to pass legislation to reauthorize the Federal Aviation Administration, the government agency responsible for everything from overseeing the safety of the national airspace to providing grants for critical infrastructure needs at airports.

And passing that reauthorization bill gives us the opportunity to take a look at aviation as a whole and hear from manufacturers, airport administrators, airlines, and the flying public.

And that’s exactly what we did with the reauthorization bill before the Senate today.

In the lead-up to this bill, we spent months conducting research, holding hearings in the Commerce Committee, which I chair, and listening to the aviation community and to airline passengers.

And then we took that information and used it to develop legislation that will strengthen aviation, promote economic growth, enhance transportation safety and security, and improve the flying experience for the traveling public.

I’m proud of the bill before us today and grateful for the hard work done by members of both parties in both the House and the Senate.

Click here for Sen. Thune’s full Senate floor remarks.

Highlights of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018

Modernizing airport infrastructure 

  • Provides funding for airport development.
  • Increases flexibility to finance projects.
  • Requires TSA to make available, in airports and online, real-time information on security line waits.

Improving service for the flying public

  • Prohibits involuntary bumping of passengers who have already boarded.
  • Directs FAA to set minimum standards for airline seat sizes.
  • Requires private rooms for nursing mothers in large and medium airports.
  • Ensures airlines promptly return fees for services (seat assignments, early boarding, etc.) not received.

Enhancing safety and security

  • Strengthens aviation training, reporting, tracking, and cybersecurity.
  • Provides new risk-mitigation authorities for unmanned aircraft systems (UAS).
  • Authorizes more canine security teams and, to meet demand, expands ways to test and certify dogs.

Boosting innovation

  • Streamlines certifications for design and delivery of aircraft to boost competitiveness of aviation manufacturing. 
  • Furthers efforts to safely integrate unmanned aircraft into the airspace through traffic management system advancements and research.
  • Creates an Office of Spaceports to support licensing and promote infrastructure improvements.
  • Authorizes approval for civil supersonic aircraft that reduce sonic booms.

Disaster assistance

  • Provides $1.68 billion in supplemental appropriations for disaster relief in the wake of Hurricane Florence.
  • Reforms Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) programs to help communities better prepare for and respond to disasters of all types.

To view the section by section of H.R. 302, click here.

To view the joint Senate/House highlights summary, click here

To view the full text of H.R. 302, click here.

VIDEO: Thune Speaks at White House 5G Summit

“The race to lead the world in 5G, with gigabit speeds, low latency, and connection to a trememendous numbers of devices, is upon us.”

September 28, 2018

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. John Thune (R-S.D.), chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, today spoke at the White House 5G Summit on the importance of winning the race to lead the world in 5G.  

Thune’s remarks (as prepared for delivery):

The race has begun.  The race to lead the world in 5G, with gigabit speeds, low latency, and connection to a tremendous numbers of devices, is upon us. 

It is a race we must win, but by many accounts we are already behind China and other nations in key areas. 

Here’s what’s at stake.  

5G is expected to contribute $275 billion in new American investment, $500 billion in economic growth, and three million new jobs. 

Make no mistake, we have the technology. 

The technology created by American industries, including those represented here today, is the best around and leads the world in next generation mobile communications. 

But that technology is only part of the equation.   

We must also ensure that wireless providers have the infrastructure on which their systems depend, and they must be able to deploy those networks in a reasonable and timely manner.

On a bipartisan basis, Senator Schatz and I have introduced the STREAMLINE Small Cell Deployment Act, reflecting hard work with stakeholders from across the country to eliminate needless barriers to deploying 5G and to bring the benefits of 5G to American consumers.  The STREAMLINE Act will help America reap the benefits of 5G leadership while respecting the important role State and local governments play in deployment decisions.  I am very pleased that the FCC has just taken an important step to modernize its regulations consistent with the goals of the STREAMLINE Act.

The final piece of the puzzle is spectrum.  Spectrum is the lifeblood of wireless communications and presents a particular challenge for 5G.

The bipartisan, bicameral communications bill my colleagues and I passed earlier this year and the President signed into law is a good start. As part of that package, my MOBILE NOW Act requires that 255 megahertz of spectrum be identified for fixed and mobile wireless broadband use by 2022. 

But if America’s wireless carriers do not have enough of the right kinds of spectrum available, Americans simply won’t have the speed and connections we need. 

This is particularly important for those of us in rural America, where the business case for deployment is very different than in America’s big cities. 

While we’ve made important progress in securing low- and high-band spectrum, the United States is falling behind when it comes to mid-band spectrum. 

This is particularly troubling because mid-band spectrum is crucial to the initial deployment of 5G. 

Only 150 megahertz of mid-band spectrum has been specifically identified for likely 5G use, and that is on a shared basis under a creative, and novel licensing scheme. 

This puts us far behind both China and South Korea in 5G spectrum and represents a serious threat to American leadership of next-generation technology. 

And we must also be mindful of the critical role unlicensed spectrum plays in the development of 5G and throughout the communications landscape.  

Wi-Fi operating on unlicensed spectrum is responsible for a tremendous and growing amount of the data transmitted in our homes and offices, and will play an increasing role in the future. 

Identifying spectrum resources not just for the next few years, but for the next 10 years and beyond is essential if we are to retain American leadership.

I look forward to working with the Administration and my colleagues in the House and Senate as we continue our efforts to get keep government out of the way so that America can continue its leadership in next generation technology.”

VIDEO: Thune Calls on Colleagues to Support and Pass the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act

“We have a remarkable degree of consensus on the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act both within and without Congress, and we should not disturb this momentum.”

March 20, 2018

WASHINGTON – Today, U.S. Sen. John Thune (R-S.D.), chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, took to the senate floor to discuss the importance of the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act (SESTA) and call on his colleagues to pass H.R. 1865, which includes both SESTA and the Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Trafficking Act (FOSTA), without delay.

Sen. Thune’s remarks, as prepared, below:

“Mr. President, for more than two decades, the commercial internet has been an undeniable force for good.

It has delivered economic opportunity to people who would not otherwise have had it.

It has empowered marginalized citizens around the world to fight back against oppressors.

It has expanded educational opportunities, and made news and information more accessible.

And more.

But like any tool, the internet can be used for evil as well as for good.

And right now, certain corners of the internet are being exploited to facilitate sex trafficking, including the widespread trafficking of children.

Mr. President, each year, thousands of children are sexually trafficked within the United States.

That’s right, Mr. President.

Thousands of children are trafficked each year in the United States.

Not in some faraway country, but right here at home, in our communities.

And more and more every day, this trafficking is being facilitated via the internet.

A Google executive reports that, and I quote, “three out of four child sex trafficking victims in the U.S. have been exploited online.”

The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children reported an 846 percent increase in reports of suspected child sex trafficking from 2010 to 2015.

The increase, the National Center reports, is “directly correlated to the increased use of the internet to sell children for sex.”

Now obviously, Mr. President, dedicated prosecutors and law enforcement around the country are working every day to combat the proliferation of sex trafficking on the internet.

But some of their efforts have been stymied by a provision of a 1996 law called the Communications Decency Act.

The provision in question – Section 230 – was meant to protect websites from being held accountable for material that people create and post on their sites.  

It’s thanks in part to this provision that such popular sites as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter have been able to flourish.

But at least one website known to have facilitated sex trafficking has repeatedly used this provision to defend itself in court cases dealing with sex trafficking on its site.

Now needless to say, Congress never intended this provision to be used to protect websites that knowingly facilitate trafficking.

But courts have generally held that this provision does not permit them to hold websites accountable for facilitating sex trafficking.

And courts have also made it clear that if Congress wants to ensure that these trafficking accomplices can be prosecuted, it needs to provide some clarity on this provision.

And that’s what we’re here to do today.

Senator Rob Portman, of Ohio, has been a leading voice in the Senate in the fight against human trafficking.

And the legislation before us today includes his legislation, the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act, which will prevent Section 230 from being used as a defense by those who are knowingly cooperating with sex traffickers.

Under the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act, state law enforcement officials will be able to prosecute websites that knowingly assist in or facilitate sex trafficking.

And victims will be allowed to seek justice when websites violate the federal sex trafficking statute.

State attorneys general will also now be allowed to file civil suits against websites that knowingly facilitate trafficking.

The Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act is an outstanding bill, Mr. President.

It addresses a hole in our laws that is allowing sex traffickers to exploit the internet to facilitate their trafficking, but it ensures that only bad actors are targeted and maintains the key freedoms that have allowed the internet to flourish.

Under this legislation, websites can only be prosecuted if they knowingly facilitate or support trafficking.

This bill is strongly supported by members of both parties.

In fact, 68 out of 100 senators are co-sponsors of this bill.

This bill is supported by the White House.

It is supported by law enforcement organizations.

It is supported by organizations that fight sex trafficking.

It is supported by faith-based organizations.

And it is supported by a number of major technology companies.

I was proud to help facilitate conversations with a number of technology companies that resulted in solid support for this bill among members of the technology community.

Mr. President, the process of getting this bill to the Senate floor today has been characterized by a wonderful degree of bipartisanship.

I am hoping that continues as we debate this bill over the next couple of days.

I encourage my colleagues to reject any attempts to slow this bill down with amendments.

We have a remarkable degree of consensus on the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act both within and without Congress, and we should not disturb this momentum.

We need to get this bill over the finish line.

Every day we wait for this bill to be enacted into law is another day in which websites in the dark corners of the internet can facilitate the heinous practice of sexually exploiting vulnerable human beings.

Mr. President, during the Commerce Committee hearing I chaired on this bill, we heard testimony from Yvonne Ambrose, whose daughter, Desiree Robinson, was sexually trafficked repeatedly before being murdered.

Desiree was just 16, a bright and loving girl who dreamed of becoming a doctor in the Air Force.

Instead, she was raped and murdered by a man twice her age who had sought her for sex after seeing her advertised on an internet site.

Mr. President, every day across this country, there’s another Desiree being trafficked.

Some of these children are not yet teenagers.

They should be going to basketball games and birthday parties.

Instead, they are being taken to homes and hotels to be violated by strangers.

Some, like Desiree, will die there.

Mr. President, fighting trafficking has to be a priority for all of us.

I’m proud to have helped draft two bills that became law to address human trafficking in commercial vehicles.

But while we’ve passed some good legislation over the past few years, there is a lot more work to be done.

There are many more Desirees out there in danger, and we have an obligation to do everything we can to protect them.

The Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act will strike an important blow against the new wave of traffickers exploiting the internet to sell children.

And the bill it’s now a part of, the bill we’re considering today – the Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act – will further boost SESTA’s impact by strengthening criminal penalties for facilitating sex trafficking.

I urge my colleagues to pass this bill and get it to the president as soon as possible.

There are a lot of children out there who are waiting for our help.”

VIDEO RELEASE: Thune Voices Support for Ronald Batory’s Nomination

“The time for playing political games with the leadership of this railroad safety agency should be over.”

December 21, 2017

WASHINGTON –  Today, U.S. Sen. John Thune (R-S.D.), the chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, took to the Senate floor to voice his support and call on his colleagues for unanimous consent to confirm the nomination of Ronald Batory to be Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration.

Sen. Thune’s remarks, as prepared, below:


“Mr./Madam President:  

I rise today to voice my strong support for the nomination of Ronald Batory to be Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration at the Department of Transportation, and to voice my deep frustration that this non-controversial, highly qualified nominee has been languishing in the Senate for over four months due to objections by a handful of Democrats over a parochial issue entirely unrelated to the nominee’s qualifications.  

The Commerce Committee held a hearing on his nomination on July 26, 2017, and reported his nomination favorably out of Committee – with a unanimous voice vote – on August 2, 2017.  At that time, not a single Senator on the Committee, Republican or Democrat, expressed any doubt about Mr. Batory’s extensive expertise on rail safety issues.

Mr. Batory has over 45 years of experience in the railroad industry – in both management and operational positions – and he is a respected leader in driving organizational change and, most importantly, advancing safety improvements.  In fact, Railway Age called him non-controversial and said, “he’s the best-qualified person to be the Federal Railroad Administrator in a very long time, perhaps in the agency’s history.”

Yet despite his unanimous approval from the Committee, he has been blocked from assuming his leadership duties at this important safety regulatory agency.  The FRA has critical safety decisions to make on a daily basis, and the agency needs strong strategic direction and management on time-sensitive safety issues.  A Senior Advisor – Mr. Batory’s current role at the DOT – does not have the same legal authority or ability to lead an agency, as does a Senate-confirmed Administrator.  

It is time to stop hamstringing Mr. Batory and get him confirmed so that he can operate at full capacity.

Unfortunately, it appears that we will not be able to do that without once again engaging in the cloture process on a non-controversial nominee.  This takes up valuable floor time that could be spent on other priorities, yet it will undoubtedly still lead to him being confirmed by a large, bipartisan majority of the Senate. 

This pattern of obstruction, burning up a week or more of time to confirm two or three nominees who end up with overwhelming cloture and confirmation votes, must end.

The Batory nomination is also significant for another reason.  Earlier this week, we saw the terrible tragedy of the Amtrak Cascades 501 derailment in Washington.  Our heartfelt thoughts and prayers are with all of those affected, especially during this holiday season.

As the NTSB continues its ongoing investigation, we will learn more about the causes of this derailment and the measures that might have prevented it.  To be clear, the tragic events of this week were not caused by a vacancy at the helm of the FRA, but the Senate must act now to install a leader at this agency to advance any safety solutions and oversight found to be needed as a result of the accident. 

To date, much of the discussion surrounding this accident has been focused on positive train control or PTC.  While it is still early to know what, if any, impact PTC would have had on this accident, I could not agree more with the Democratic leader who earlier this week said “we need positive train control.”  He went on to say that “the federal Department of Transportation is not pushing federal PTC hard enough.”

If he truly believes DOT needs to do more, however, why is he, along with a few of his colleagues, standing in the way of Mr. Batory’s confirmation?  After all, Congress has tasked the FRA administrator with providing the oversight and strong push that will be needed to ensure railroads meet next year’s December 31, 2018, deadline for full PTC installation and training.

And make no mistake, a strong push is what many passenger railroads need.  According to the FRA’s latest quarterly progress report, for passenger railroads, only 50 percent of locomotives are equipped and PTC operable, 64 percent of required PTC radio towers are installed, and only 24 percent of required route miles are in operation. 

The Commerce Committee expects to continue to play its role in conducting strong oversight of PTC implementation, including holding a hearing in 2018.  However, what I do not expect the Commerce Committee to do is grant any further change to the PTC deadline framework established in current law.

That is why we need Mr. Batory.  When finally confirmed, he will play a significant role in pushing expeditious and successful PTC implementation.   

This is not just the view of the Commerce Committee, which, again, approved Mr. Batory unanimously, but also of the rail professionals who advance safety on-the-ground.  The States for Passenger Rail Coalition, which consists of 25 state Departments of Transportation, wrote in July:

“The issues facing the railroad industry today are significant, and it is vital that we have an experienced, capable and dedicated leader like Mr. Batory, who is willing to work with the states to make the improvements necessary to build a national rail system with an emphasis on increasing mobility and reliability, while enhancing safety and security now, and in the years to come.” 

Likewise, rail labor – representing conductors and communication workers – and other industry groups urged the Senate to proceed to Mr. Batory’s nomination “as soon as possible” stressing “the importance of having Mr. Batory’s expertise and leadership at the agency responsible for railroad safety.”  

That letter was written in September.  It is now December.  There is no reason for this delay.  I ask unanimous consent that both of these letters be entered into the record.

We have had an immensely qualified leader, Ronald Batory, ready to lead an important safety agency for over four months.  The time for playing political games with the leadership of this railroad safety agency should be over.  It is long past time that my Democrat colleagues end the obstruction, and this body must confirm Ronald Batory.”  

VIDEO: Thune Commends FCC’s Internet Freedom Order

“If my colleagues on the other side of the aisle, and those who claim to support net neutrality rules, want to enshrine protections for consumers with the backing of the law, I call on you today to join me in discussing legislation to do just that.”

December 12, 2017

WASHINGTON –  Ahead of the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) planned Thursday vote on Chairman Ajit Pai’s Restoring Internet Freedom order to repeal regulation of the Internet put in place in 2015 under the Obama Administration, U.S. Sen. John Thune (R-S.D.), the chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, took to the Senate floor to praise the FCC’s work and transparency while calling supporters of an open internet to support bipartisan legislation. Sen. Thune’s remarks, as prepared, below:

Mr. President, for more than two decades, under both Republican and Democratic Presidents, and Republican and Democratic Congresses, the United States pursued a bipartisan “light-touch” approach to internet regulation. 

The internet as we know it today flourished under this “light-touch” approach, much to the benefit of American consumers and the domestic economy. 

It also made America the world leader in internet technology, and positioned us to continue that leadership in the years to come.

In 2002, broadband internet was classified by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) – our nation’s communications regulator – as an information service under Title I of the Communications Act. 

This classification exempted the internet from burdensome regulations contained in Title II of the Communications Act, which were designed in the Depression era for the old telephone monopolies. 

Under the Obama administration, though, we saw repeated attempts to bring the internet under greater government control.

Finally, in 2015, at the explicit direction of President Obama, the FCC did as it was told and reclassified broadband internet access service as a Title II service, subjecting broadband internet to onerous common carrier rules – and opening the door to further regulation, including price regulation. 

Not surprisingly, with heavier regulation came a decline in broadband investment.  Indeed, we have seen private investment in broadband infrastructure decline over the past two years.

This decline should not be mistaken as a sign that broadband infrastructure is not needed.  In fact, the opposite is true, as there are still 34 million Americans who lack access to broadband services at home. 

In states like my home state of South Dakota, encouraging broadband deployment continues to be critical to ensuring rural areas have the same economic opportunity as their urban counterparts.

The federal government should not be putting up barriers to broadband deployment – it should be removing them.  Congress and the FCC need to ensure a regulatory framework is in place that protects consumers, but doesn’t stand in the way of investment and innovation.

Prior to the FCC’s 2015 actions to bring broadband under Title II, and for more than a decade under the “light-touch” regulatory framework of Title I, we saw unprecedented growth that revolutionized our daily lives and allowed us to stay better connected with our loved ones. 

The internet created new jobs and expanded opportunities for education and commerce.  It became the greatest engine of innovation for our times.

And despite the fearmongering and doomsday rhetoric that continues to plague this debate, when the FCC moves forward with its order and restores the internet to its pre-2015 regulatory status, the internet will continue to thrive and serve as an engine for future economic growth.

I commend Chairman Pai and the Commission for all the hard work over the last year that has gotten us to this point. 

I also commend Chairman Pai for his commitment to transparency throughout this process.

For the first time in the history of the Commission, under Chairman Pai’s leadership, the public was able to view the Restoring Internet Freedom item three weeks prior to the FCC’s vote. 

That is true of all documents to be considered by the Commission – a major departure from the previous administration’s actions, which were often not made public until the very last minute.

As a result of Chairman Pai’s commitment to transparency, the public has the benefit of not only viewing the item, but also participating in the process. 

Despite attempts by those more interested in politicizing the issue and distracting from the debate, this item resulted in the most well-informed and exhaustive record of comments ever submitted at the FCC.

The FCC is now well-positioned to move forward to ensure the internet is open and free.

Regrettably, however, the debate doesn’t end here. 

The outcry from opponents of the FCC’s proposal is that the internet will fall apart without adequate consumer protections. 

There is obviously immense passion that follows the issue of net neutrality.  Americans care deeply about preserving a free and open internet.  As do I and so many of my colleagues on both sides of the aisle.

As I have stated repeatedly, and I will say again today, Congressional action is the only way to solve the endless back and forth on net neutrality rules that we’ve seen over the past several years.

If my colleagues on the other side of the aisle, and those who claim to support net neutrality rules, want to enshrine protections for consumers with the backing of the law, I call on you today to join me in discussing legislation to do just that.

While we won’t agree on everything, I believe there is much room for compromise.  So many of us in Congress already agree on many of the principles of net neutrality. 

True supporters of an open internet should be demanding such legislative protections today – not posturing while waiting for years during protracted legal proceedings or waiting for the political winds to turn.

If Republicans and Democrats have the political support to work together on such a compromise, we can enact a regulatory framework that will stand the test of time.  I’ve stood willing to work with any and all supporters of net neutrality protections for many years now and I continue to stand ready today. 

It is time for Congress to settle this debate and I welcome discussion on ways to ensure a free and open internet for decades to come.

Op-Eds

Wicker and Sinema in USA Today: We need to prepare for internet of the future. Here's how Congress can help.

January 15, 2020

You have probably seen an error 508 message on the internet. When browsing a website or clicking a link, these 508 messages pop up when you cannot get where you want to go. 

It seems Congress hits an error 508 message every time it tries to address net neutrality. Common-sense proposals for a compromise on net neutrality to protect Americans are met with fear mongering, political rhetoric and demands for ideological purity — on both sides of the aisle.

The Federal Communications Commission and the federal courts also have been caught in an infinite loop, where the rules for internet providers and consumers constantly change.  Each new administration changes the rules, then the opposing sides argue in federal court for a couple of years before the next administration changes the rules again.

The DC Circuit Court's recent decision to uphold the FCC’s 2018 rollback of net neutrality rules is the most recent example of a process that results in uncertainty, confusion and more litigation. Meanwhile, Americans just want and expect a government that’s watching out for their interests and protecting both their privacy and freedom.

As senators from different parties and different parts of the country, we think Americans deserve certainty and fair treatment. We have created a working group to address the internet’s most pressing policy challenges. We hope to encourage a fact-based, bipartisan dialogue and develop a compromise that will finally resolve this infinite loop on net neutrality. 

There is more agreement on this issue than you might guess. Most people believe telecommunications proposals should protect consumers, increase transparency, promote broader access to internet services, and ensure internet providers treat content from different sources fairly, all while spurring innovation and investment. We have started with these principles as the base for our work.

FCC relied on outdated rules

Because Congress chose to spend time fighting rather than fixing this challenge, the FCC attempted to use outdated rules from the Communications Act of 1934 to regulate the internet. These laws do not work with our 21st century digital technology and did not benefit consumers when applied to today’s internet.

For example, the 2015 FCC rules unfortunately increased costs for Americans and American businesses. In fact, investment in broadband actually decreased by $4 billion in the year after these rules went into effect — a bad sign when the rest of the economy was growing at the same time.

In 2018, the FCC changed its rules again. While many were worried these changes would hurt Americans’ access to the internet, more Americans have been connected to fiber and investment has increased. Still, there is a lot of room for improvement. 

Americans know more about the opportunities and challenges provided by the internet than we did in 1996, and they expect meaningful protections and deserve to know how internet providers are operating. Providers also need clear rules that promote future investment and prevent blocking, throttling and paid prioritization of lawful Internet traffic. 

These goals require concrete laws that set the rules of the internet road, and that fit the innovative world we live in today. We believe this legislation should empower consumers and foster market transparency, choice and innovation.

Step back from partisanship

We cannot yet imagine the next-generation internet products and services that will come to market in America’s future. But as innovation continues to leap forward, the dynamic and creative nature of the internet should be encouraged, not inhibited by regulations. The internet is one of the greatest forces for entrepreneurship in history. We need to update it with a framework for the future.

We urge our colleagues in Congress, as well as all the stakeholders who have contributed to this national discussion, to step away from partisan corners or entrenched positions and join our working group’s goal of a bipartisan path forward. 

Imagine the benefits for all Americans if both parties can come together, fix this challenge and break the endless error 508 loop.

This op-ed was orginally ran in USA Today

Wicker in the Sun Herald: Getting Stennis Space Center Ready for Liftoff

December 3, 2019

Like most Mississip- pians in 1969, I had no idea that the path to the Moon and to victory in the space race went through Hancock Coun- ty, Mississippi. But it did.

The Stennis Space Center — then called the Mississippi Test Facility — was the ideal site for testing the Saturn V rock- et that sent Neil Arm- strong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins on their journey. America is en- tering a new space race today, and Stennis is going to play a vital role again.

Much has changed since the 1960s. Back then, the space race was a Cold War battle be- tween the Soviet Union and the United States. There are more players now, including rivals like China. New technologies made possible by half a century of innovation make the lunar module look like an antique. And private spacefaring com- panies are blasting off, adding to the possibilities of exploration and en- terprise in space.

The economic opportu- nities of the commercial space sector have taken the spotlight. Now valued at $400 billion, experts anticipate it to grow to nearly $3 trillion over the next two decades. That is more than the gross do- mestic product of the United Kingdom. There were 35 commercial space launch and re-entry operations in 2018 licens- ed by the Federal Avia- tion Administration (FAA), up from just 17 in 2016.

This growth presents challenges. Scientists and entrepreneurs are cre- ating new and different flight operations, safety systems and propulsion technology every year, making it necessary for today’s workforce to master concepts that might not have existed or even been imagined a short time ago. The fact that many of the people who do have these skills are at or near retirement age only increases the urgency. With the accel- eration of commercial space operations and future launches already scheduled, the FAA will need to do more to en- sure that its staff is pre- pared.

Keeping pace with these developments will require ongoing recruit- ment, education and training. As the nation’s premier rocket propul- sion test facility and home of NASA’s Engi- neering and Test Directo- rate, Stennis is the best- positioned facility in the world to get America’s workers ready for liftoff.

To make sure the FAA and Stennis are equipped for this task, I have in- troduced the Licensing Innovations and Future Technologies in Space (LIFTS) Act. The LIFTS Act would create a facil- ity at Stennis to train and retrain commercial space licensing professionals. It would provide the hands- on experience necessary to make sure the com- mercial space sector remains dynamic and safe.

Under the LIFTS Act, Stennis would soon be- come the focal point for an effort involving NASA, the FAA, the commercial space industry and aca- demia to modernize and update commercial spaceflight licensing training programs. The lessons learned at Stennis would then reverberate to partners around the globe, teaching them about what works and does not work in com- mercial space licensing.

Stennis Space Center has set the course for rocket engine testing operations since the first space race. During the entire Apollo and Space Shuttle programs, no engine tested at Stennis ever failed a mission. That legacy continues, and NASA uses Stennis to test the RS-25 engines that will put the first woman and the next man on the Moon by 2024.

The path to the Moon will once again go through Hancock Coun- ty, Mississippi. But some- thing unimaginable when I was young — a thriving private commercial space sector — is ready to take off as well. That will be thanks in large part to the Magnolia State and the hard work of the Mis- sissippians at Stennis Space Center.

Roger Wicker represents Mississippi in the U.S. Senate. He is the chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation.

This op-ed was orginally ran in the Sun Herald.

Wicker in The Hill: Pay America’s Coast Guard

December 3, 2019

Last January, during the longest government shutdown in American history, the 170 Coast Guardsmen aboard the cutter Bertholf departed Alameda, California, on an assignment to the South China Sea. They did so having not seen a paycheck since before Christmas and without knowing how long they would have to go without one.

All government shutdowns are policy failures. They waste taxpayer dollars and cause financial hardships for millions of federal workers and their families. The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office estimates that the five-week partial shutdown cost the American economy $8 billion in the first quarter.  I have cosponsored the End Government Shutdowns Act, which would prevent this senseless situation from happening again. While this legislation works its way through Congress, I urge my fellow members to make sure that what happened to the Coast Guard during the last shutdown does not happen again if another budget impasse should occur.

The Coast Guard was not funded and its members went without pay during the partial shutdown because it operates in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). DHS was one of the agencies that did not receive an appropriation, forcing a partial shutdown. The other four branches of America’s armed forces – the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force – were funded because their resources come from a Department of Defense appropriation. No one – regardless of service branch – who leaves home to defend the United States by serving in our military should be asked to do so without pay. The Coast Guard deserves to be treated as an equal branch of our armed forces.

The Coast Guard’s 48,000 active-duty and reserve members are parts of a long blue line of service dating back to Alexander Hamilton’s purchase of ten ships for the Revenue Cutter Service in 1790. They protect the American people and promote security in a complex and ever-changing world. The Bertholf is just one example of the vital defense work done by the U.S. Coast Guard.

Today’s Coast Guard has unique authorities, capabilities, and partnerships that secure more than 4.5 million square miles of ocean, 95,000 miles of U.S. shoreline, and a marine transportation system that collectively supports $5.4 trillion of annual economic activity. This activity supports over 23 million American jobs – many in my home state of Mississippi. On a typical day, 11 Coast Guard cutters, two patrol aircraft, five helicopters, two specialized law enforcement teams, and a Port Security Unit support Pentagon commanders on all seven continents. The Coast Guard lives up to its motto, “Semper Paratus” (Always Ready).

Three months ago I visited Alaska with the Vice Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard, Admiral Charles Ray. We met with some of the Coast Guard men and women hit hardest by the shutdown. My colleague Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) told me a story of one Coast Guard family that illustrates what many went through. The husband, a member of the Coast Guard, had been out at sea for months and came back during the shutdown. While he was gone, his family struggled to get by. Instead of returning home joyfully to his wife and one-month old baby, the family members wondered if they could afford to stay in their house any longer. They almost had to abandon the home the husband had been deployed to defend.

This problem is solvable. The “Pay Our Coast Guard” provision in the Senate version of the 2019 Coast Guard Authorization Act is an obvious step. It would mandate that, in the event of another partial shutdown, members of the Coast Guard would be paid by the same legislation that would provide for the other branches of our armed forces. Families of the fallen and retirees would continue to receive their benefits regardless of whether or not Congress is able to resolve partisan differences. This legislation would enshrine parity across the military.

The unequal treatment of the U.S. Coast Guard was a betrayal of our nation’s armed forces. Along with honoring our veterans this November 11th, passage of this simple legislation would show that when Americans say “thank you for your service” we actually mean it.

Roger Wicker represents Mississippi in the United States Senate. He is the chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and a senior member of the Senate Armed Services Committee.

This op-ed originally ran in The Hill

Thune in The Hill: Protect and Innovate Online Privacy

September 25, 2018

The time has come for Congress to work on putting consumer data privacy protections into law.

For years, the wizards of the tech world have amazed all of us and helped fuel our economy with innovative products and services.  No one wants that to end.

At the same time, mounting controversies have undermined public trust in the ability and willingness of leading technology companies to regulate themselves and enforce real privacy safeguards for the collection and use of our digital data. 

The question is no longer whether we need a national law to protect consumers’ privacy.  The question is what shape that law should take.

The European Union and California have already acted. We need to examine whether they’ve gotten consumer privacy right and criticisms that their solutions pose an unintended challenge to innovation and competition.  For example, it’s fair to ask whether these new regulations would be too costly and cumbersome for innovative startups.

In seeking the right balance, Congress should focus on consumer choice. Effective rules must ensure transparency by addressing the ineffectiveness of current click-through privacy policies. They must also reset the unfair reality that consumers’ information may be collected, rented, or sold to outsiders but often can’t even be reviewed by consumers themselves.

Before his testimony to Congress earlier this year about the scandal involving the wholesale vacuuming of information by third-parties, Facebook CEO and founder Mark Zuckerberg and I discussed the concept of meaningful consumer consent. Such consent tends to happen when an internet consumer receives clear, immediately relevant information about an imminent decision. It does not occur when a consumer, needing something quickly, agrees to an unread privacy policy spanning dozens of pages in a manner of seconds with no further action required.

For those few who take time to sift through a lengthy privacy policy, whether on a smartphone app or website, it typically describes the rights and limits companies assign themselves to collect, use, transmit, and sell information about users. Good luck finding straightforward details about what actually happens with your data. The real world details typically aren’t made readily available. 

Many Americans have taken time to review their credit reports, detailing the information affecting access to financial services and which businesses have looked at their information. By contrast, how many Americans know the data points collected from their time online? 

Ironically, this lack of transparency bucks the trend in industry innovation. Most smartphones today don’t come with the thick instruction manuals of a decade ago. Instead, these user-friendly pocket computers are designed to be intuitive, teaching you as you operate them and offering online resources for complex operational questions as they become relevant. 

Technology companies, if sufficiently motivated by federal government engagement, should make privacy as simple as setting up a smartphone. A world in which your smartphone quickly tells you which apps or organizations have access to your location information, your web browser informs you who is watching your page with you, and a data company website tells you which entities have paid for access to your information no longer stretches the imagination. The ability to promptly end an arrangement outside a user’s comfort-zone should not be technically difficult either. 

This week, representatives of four large technology companies and two internet service providers will testify before the Senate Commerce Committee at our first privacy hearing about their current practices, ideas, concerns, and how they can complement efforts by Congress to improve consumer data privacy.  These well-known firms have diverse approaches to consumer data privacy, ranging from companies that do not monetize the consumer data they collect, to those whose business models rest principally on the ability to collect and monetize such data in exchange for providing free or reduced-cost services. 

The technology industry is not the first to collect sensitive information on consumers. Financial service providers, educational institutions, and health care providers all collect and maintain sensitive, regulated records. These models are informing current legislative efforts and underscore that a core function of digital privacy should be to ensure that consumers have the opportunity to enter arrangements based on informed decisions with entities they trust and fair warning about those who may engage in more questionable privacy practices.  

While controversies involving privacy, allegations of political bias, anti-competitive practices, and other matters have created significant public concern, digital privacy legislation is not—and should not be—retaliatory. Fair and appropriate digital data protections benefit consumers and responsible businesses. As we heard at the Facebook hearing, informed consumers may actually prefer tailored online advertising and the accompanying free services like e-mail over irrelevant and annoying pop-up ads or pay walls.

A successful consumer data privacy law will help consumers and reward organizations with little to hide, promote innovation, and force shady practitioners to clean up their act or fold up shop.

This op-ed originally ran in The Hill

Sen. John Thune and Rep. Lamar Smith in Dallas News: U.S. Must Win the Race Against China and Europe on Quantum Computing

July 26, 2018

For the last several decades, America's lead in cutting-edge technology has helped propel our economy and national security. America is now in a race with China and Europe to develop the next technological breakthroughs based on the power of quantum science. It's a race we must win.

We have introduced the National Quantum Initiative Act of 2018 to help align and accelerate public and private research and development of quantum science. Like earlier national endeavors involving space and nuclear energy, the race to quantum computing has immense economic and national security implications for the U.S.

The tiny, tiny universe of quantum physics — atoms, protons, electrons, photons — looms very, very large in our future.

Quantum science explores and exploits subtle aspects of quantum physics, such as the idea that subatomic particles can exist in many possible states at the same time, known as "quantum superposition." This will lead to valuable, real-world applications.

For example, conventional computing uses a series of tiny, electronic on-off switches within a processing chip. Technological advances have made possible supercomputers that can perform a series of on-off operations at astonishing speeds. But classical computing technology is nearing its limits.

Quantum computing, however, is different. Rather than a series of ultra-high speed on-off switches, quantum computers rely on "qbits." These are subatomic particles that are both on and off at the same time.

This property and other quantum phenomena will enable quantum computers to perform complex calculations at speeds that are potentially millions of times faster than today's most advanced supercomputers.

Fully functioning quantum computers may be 10 years or more away. But the new industries and new jobs this technology will create are just over the horizon. Quantum computing promises drastic improvements in the security of data and electronic communications, precise long-range weather forecasts, and the development of new medicines and materials.

Applications of this technology will have a profound impact on communication security, navigation, imaging, and many other technologies that are not otherwise possible with conventional hardware.

Despite these potential benefits, however, falling behind in the race for quantum technology would have sobering national security implications. The nation that harnesses quantum communications technology first may be able to decode — in a matter of seconds — every other nations' most sensitive encrypted national security information as well as proprietary technologies and even the personal information of individuals.

In testimony before Congress, expert witnesses have warned that as other nations around the world rapidly advance their own quantum programs, the U.S. faces a real threat of falling behind.

China and the European Union are investing billions of dollars in new research facilities and equipment for quantum efforts. China, in particular, has stated publicly its national goal of surpassing the U.S. during the next decade.

That is why our nation must devise a national quantum strategy and preserve America's lead in the race to this technology.

The National Quantum Initiative Act meets challenges by creating a 10-year program to advance quantum development and technology applications in the U.S. The bill is designed to put to use the expertise and resources of U.S. industry, academia and government to move quantum information science to the next level of research and development.

The legislation establishes a National Quantum Coordination Office and codifies an interagency Subcommittee on Quantum Information Science within the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy to oversee interagency coordination, provide strategic planning support, serve as a central point of contact for research, and promote commercialization of federal research by the private sector.

The bill also supports basic research, education and standards development in multiple federal agencies. These activities will address fundamental research gaps, create a stronger workforce, and develop ways to give U.S. companies and workers an enduring competitive advantage.

This bill will ensure that ongoing federal, academic, and private sector research work together to win the scientific race of the 21st century.

Rep. Lamar Smith, R-San Antonio, is chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Science, Space and Technology. Sen. John Thune, R-S.D., is chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation.

Capito in The State Journal: How Capito Connect is closing the digital divide in West Virginia

June 25, 2018

Whether you’re a student trying to do your homework, a small business owner looking to expand or a rural resident who would benefit from telehealth services, broadband access has the ability to open doors to new opportunities for West Virginians.

But, as too many West Virginians know, our state is falling behind when it comes to connectivity.

Affordable and reliable broadband should be easily accessible regardless of where you live. It’s that simple. And for several years, I have been leading efforts to make that a reality. In fact, during my first Senate floor speech, I named increasing broadband access as one of my top priorities for strengthening our state.

That’s why, three years ago, I launched my Capito Connect plan — a roadmap for bringing affordable, high-speed internet access to homes, businesses and classrooms in West Virginia.

In the words of Broadband Enhancement Council Chairman Rob Hinton, it’s a “forward thinking” initiative that “provides awareness, education and resources to communities throughout West Virginia.”

Since launching Capito Connect, we have made significant headway in all of these areas — particularly when it comes to Rural America — by focusing on two main strategies.

The first is making West Virginians aware of the many opportunities and resources available to better connect their communities. The second is by securing additional resources at the federal level to support broadband deployment and improvement programs. By connecting those in need with available resources and expanding the opportunities available, we are making a difference.

Just last year, I helped secure a $3 million Community Connect grant for Barbour, Randolph and Upshur counties, which will provide broadband access for nearly 4,000 residents and employers.

Region VII Planning and Development Council Executive Director Shane Whitehair directly credited the Capito Connect program for bringing these resources to his region and said the West Virginia Regional Councils have seen activity increase in developing and implementing broadband and connectivity projects throughout the state since Capito Connect launched in 2015.

While connecting all of our communities is still the ultimate goal, it’s important that we prioritize the areas that need it the most and target investments in those areas.

Dr. Dino Beckett of Mingo County found that Capito Connect is increasing opportunities for access to financial resources to fund broadband projects in rural areas specifically. He explained that, without efforts like Capito Connect, West Virginia homes, businesses, and classrooms would lack the potential to connect in an affordable way to high-speed broadband.

In addition to state partnerships, I’ve engaged federal partners like the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, the Department of Agriculture, the Appalachian Regional Commission, the Federal Communications Commission, and the U.S. Economic Development Administration to raise awareness about funding opportunities.

These federal partners play an important role in the effort to connect our state and Rural America.

Take FCC Chairman Ajit Pai, for example. I’ve had the chance to bring Chairman Pai to the Mountain State several times to highlight our connectivity needs.

One of his trips included a visit to Capon Springs and Farms in Hampshire County. At the time, the resort had no internet access. Chairman Pai recalled that the Capon Springs visit left an impression on him and explained how that experience has motivated him to help close the digital divide.

Almost a year later, the resort was able to develop a solution to its broadband challenges and now they are able to offer internet access to resort guests.

Feedback from state and federal partners about the Capito Connect approach and the successes that have been made possible as a result of the initiative illustrate just how much Capito Connect is making an impact.

Raising awareness and creating a dialogue around this issue with a wide range of partners is part of the reason Capito Connect is a success. It has also helped highlight West Virginia’s connectivity needs, motivating people at all levels of both the public and private sectors to work together to bridge the digital divide.

Connecting West Virginia will not happen overnight, but Capito Connect continues to help us make progress. This goal is not only achievable, but it is critical for our state‘s future.

Thune in CNBC: I Support 'Net Neutrality.' Let's Not Let 'Political Theater' Ruin a Bipartisan Deal

May 9, 2018

I support net neutrality. I support rules that prevent blocking, throttling, and paid prioritization of internet traffic. I believe these principles should guide us on Capitol Hill as we work to expand broadband access to even the most remote and rural areas of the country.

You might be surprised to learn that most of my fellow senators believe this too.

Unfortunately, manufactured controversy often gets more attention in Washington than real solutions. We have seen this in recent months as some in Congress and outside groups have shaped an ominous narrative surrounding the way we regulate the internet.

The internet is too important for partisan politics. Congress must codify widely accepted net neutrality protections through bipartisan legislation.

Instead of crafting forward-looking solutions that protect internet users and promote innovation, however, Congress will spend the upcoming days on more political theater.

Rather than voting for 21st Century rules to protect the internet, we'll be taking a show vote on whether to look backwards and re-apply rules meant for the old Ma' Bell phone system to the modern internet.

This is a mistake, and only delays concrete protections for a free and open internet.

The misguided decision to apply regulations created in 1934 for voice telephone services to the internet—adopted on a party-line vote by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 2015—has, according to the FCC, slowed investment, preventing the improvement and expansion of services to the 39 million Americans living in rural parts of the country.

The uncertainty in the future of regulation, caused by the ever-shifting political winds, means investments to connect more Americans in states like my home state of South Dakota are likely to remain stagnant.

It doesn't have to be this way. For years, I have called for bipartisan legislation—by elected representatives, not unelected bureaucrats at the FCC—that would permanently ban blocking, throttling, and paid prioritization by broadband internet providers.

The new leadership of the FCC has given us an opportunity to do just that, by freeing the internet from outdated, monopoly-era regulations.

If the Democrats are serious about long-term protections for consumers, they should look ahead towards a bipartisan solution, rather than looking backwards and trying to reverse the current FCC's Restoring Internet Freedom Order.

Claims that this order would mean slower internet speeds have already been rebutted in a recent independent fact check.

The bottom line is, Congress should be spending time on a permanent solution that is not subject to Washington power shakeups—one that will spur all communities into the 21st Century and encourage a new wave of American innovation and competitiveness.

Regardless of how the Senate votes this month, the Congressional Review Act (CRA) effort will not provide Americans with lasting protections for the internet. If anything, the tempest over the CRA has stalled conversations among legislators on both sides of the aisle who have demonstrated eagerness to come together and find a bipartisan solution.

Once the latest showdown is over, we should set aside the fear mongering and manufactured hand-wringing and get to work on a solution that ends this debate and protects the economic engine of the internet for generations of Americans to come.

Cruz in Roll Call: Stop the Next Internet Power Grab

November 21, 2017

The internet has changed how we communicate, engage in commerce and live our lives. It not only provides a platform that can be used to promote free speech, but serves as a great equalizer when it comes to jobs and opportunity by dramatically reducing the barriers of entry for anyone with a new idea and broadband connection.

Unfortunately, because the nature of government power is to control, tax and regulate, there will always be government officials who will seek to implement policies to increase these inherent powers. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that the Obama administration made the decision to set aside decades of bipartisan agreement and enact a radical proposal that reclassified the internet as a regulated public utility. The Obama-era regulations give federal bureaucrats new authority to regulate pricing and terms of service and eventually even collect billions in new taxes.

This policy not only threatens investment across the United States but seeks to force companies of all sizes to ask the government for prior approval of business decisions. The end result is less broadband, less innovation and less freedom for the American consumer.

Thankfully, relief will soon be on the way, as the Federal Communications Commission under Chairman Ajit Pai seeks to repeal the so-called Open Internet Order and return the internet to its original classification as an information service, which allowed the internet to flourish.

But, the restoration of internet freedom may be short-lived, as there are already scores of politicians and state and local regulators who have indicated an interest in replicating the Obama administration’s fatally flawed rules at the state and local level. As harmful as the FCC’s rules have been for broadband investment and innovation, replacing such rules with a patchwork of state and local requirements would have an even more detrimental effect on the internet.

The Constitution’s Commerce Clause provides Congress with the power to regulate interstate commerce. Given that the internet permits consumers and businesses to connect to others in different states (as well as countries), broadband services are inherently interstate services and must therefore be protected from state and local interference. As the FCC rolls back the Obama-era regulations on the internet, it should also take the opportunity to affirmatively recognize this.

Allowing the Obama administration’s dangerous policy to infest the internet through state and local government mandates serves no purpose other than to stifle America’s entrepreneurial spirit, frustrate innovation, and block economic opportunity.

Steve Forbes recently raised concerns that allowing state and local regulators to recreate these regulations would create “a crazy quilt-like patchwork of state regulations governing the internet — unquestionably, the most border-free platform ever known to humanity. It would be chaos, and a massive deterrent to investment, innovation, and growth.”

Even former Democratic FCC Chairman Bill Kennard agrees that the internet should not be regulated at the local or state level. He stated in a 1999 speech that, “it is in the national interest that we have a national broadband policy. The FCC has the authority to set one, and we have. We have taken a deregulatory approach, an approach that will let this nascent industry flourish.”

Imposing public utility regulations — which have their roots in the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 — on the internet is not the right policy to keep America globally competitive. Now is the time to end government micromanagement of the internet and let it thrive without federal, state, or local meddling. The United States’ continued leadership in the 21st Century digital economy rests on getting this policy right.

For these reasons, it is imperative that the FCC establish a strong deregulatory federal framework for broadband regulations and preempt state and local regulators from having the opportunity to implement the next internet power grab.

Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, serves on the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation; the Committee on Armed Services; the Committee on the Judiciary; the Joint Economic Committee; and the Committee on Rules and Administration. Before his election to the Senate, he was the longest serving solicitor general in Texas and the first Hispanic to serve in that role. 

Michael O’Rielly was nominated for a seat on the Federal Communications Commission by President Barack Obama and was confirmed unanimously on October 29, 2013. He was sworn in for a new term in January after his renomination by President Donald Trump. He previously served as a policy adviser in the Office of the Senate Republican Whip.

Gardner in the Coloradoan: Science shouldn't be partisan issue

June 12, 2017

When it comes to federal research funding, it’s easy to overlook the impact it has on our everyday lives. We tend to think of scientific research as an abstract concept where a scientist spends years in a lab working on their invention that never sees the light of day; but the reality is much more complex. Scientific research has a tremendous impact on our economy, our health and our national security, and most of the time we don’t even realize how federal research improves our own quality of life. 

If you’ve ever used Google’s search engine or own an iPhone, you have benefitted from federally funded research projects. Both the algorithm behind Google’s search engine and the glass screen on your iPhone were first developed using federal research dollars. The private sector was able to turn those developments into unimaginably successful products, but they wouldn’t have been possible without federal investment.

In Colorado, scientific research is a major economic driver. More than two dozen federal labs contribute $2.6 billion annually to the state’s economy and employ more than 17,000 Coloradans. But scientific research is much more than just an economic driver. When we invest in federal research and development, we’re investing in our country, our people and our ideas.

One of my goals since being elected to the United States Senate has been to make sure science does not become a partisan issue. Democrats and Republicans both have bold ideas that cannot afford to get bogged down in politics. I joined with Democrat Sen. Gary Peters (D-Michigan) to spearhead the effort to author the first major update to federal research and technology policy to originate in the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee in almost a decade: the American Innovation and Competitiveness Act. After nearly two years of bipartisan work on this legislation, President Obama signed it into law in January 2017.

Funding for research and development remains a top priority for me. Recently, I called for a 4 percent (nearly $340 million) increase in funding for the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). I’ve worked with my colleagues to ensure the Department of Energy receives adequate funding so we can continue to meet our national security needs and maintain the United States’ position as a global leader in science and technology. I’ve supported increasing funding for the National Institutes of Health, and I have opposed calls to reduce funding for these programs that benefit Colorado and our country. It means these men and women working on solutions that can cure diseases, combat world hunger, and help our troops get the resources they need.

We must always keep in mind fiscal responsibility but also recognize the economic benefits scientific research creates. For every one dollar into NIST’s Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) the federal government invests, for example, the MEP program generates an average of $17 in new sales growth. And for every $1 the Department of Energy invests in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, it attracts a further $5 in private investment. These investments are important for Colorado and the nation.

This country has a history of lifting the pragmatists and the problem solvers. We’re builders, dreamers and innovators with diverse backgrounds but a unique zeal to get things done. We don’t know what the next great scientific breakthrough is going to be. But a commitment to research is a commitment to the idea that we still believe there are breakthroughs to be had and it’s an embrace of the spirit of America that encourages us to continue to dream big.

Capito in The Parkersburg News and Sentinal: Broadband Key to Economic Growth

May 7, 2017

The fate of rural America is the focus of much national attention today. Yet, many across West Virginia have been feeling the very real effects of this debate for some time. Our communities have been hard hit by job loss and decline, creating a major drag on the state’s economy and our quality of life.

One of my top priorities has been to promote policies that spur new investment and boost economic growth. Broadband access can provide West Virginians with opportunities that lead to new jobs and higher wages, providing the momentum our state’s economy needs. Potential investors need to see that West Virginia and its workforce are open for business and ready to get to work in the 21st Century economy.

According to the FCC, more than 30 million Americans lack access to high-speed broadband Internet, including a disproportionate number of rural communities. Without this connectivity, these communities struggle to compete in today’s Internet-based world.

In 2015, I launched my Capito Connect plan, jumpstarting a statewide conversation about the need to connect West Virginia. Broadband should be easily available and affordable. It’s that simple — and, at the federal level, I have been leading efforts to make this a reality.

The benefits of broadband access are numerous. But too many parts of rural America can’t attract the investment they need to get online. Despite significant federal and private funding, West Virginia is less connected than nearly every other state in America. We’ve been hamstrung by a lack of competition between service providers and burdensome regulations, and failed to maximize existing resources.

West Virginia’s rural communities have so much potential. Communities like Thomas and Davis in Tucker County or the whitewater resorts in Fayette County need robust broadband to fully capture the potential of a tourism economy. These communities can capitalize on their natural beauty and attract a technology-based workforce that simply needs a computer and strong, stable connectivity to reach clients around the globe.

In order to help these communities realize their potential we must equip them with the right tools to succeed.

That’s why I recently introduced new legislation to accelerate the development of high-speed internet in low-income communities. The Gigabit Opportunity or GO Act encourages new investment to connect these rural and urban areas.

By empowering governors and states to direct investments to areas with the greatest need, this proposal ensures that communities with the highest potential for economic development are prioritized for funding. For providers, the proposal eliminates barriers to new investment in broadband infrastructure and incentivizes competition.

Under the GO Act, the Federal Communications Commission is directed to release a framework to streamline broadband laws that states, counties and cities can voluntarily adopt. This will eliminate the myriad of duplicative and inconsistent laws that currently exist and complement existing broadband legislation in states like West Virginia.

Once adopted, governors would be able to nominate a portion of their state’s low-income areas as Gigabit Opportunity Zones. Businesses that invest in these zones or make upgrades to speed up their networks would benefit from targeted tax and other incentives.

Internet access should be broadly available regardless of whether you live in a small town or big city — and this connectivity is essential to growing West Virginia’s economy. With all the focus on rural America, now is the time to level the playing field and close the digital divide.